Sunday, March 4, 2012

Law of Gravity in Ancient india

Bhaskaracharya's Law of Gravity
Did you know that the famous Hindu astronomer, Bhaskaracharya in his Surya Siddhanta wrote:

"Objects fall on the earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon and sun are held in orbit due to this attraction."

It was not until 1687, 1200 years later did Issac Newton "rediscover" the Law of Gravity.

In Surya Siddhanta, dated 400-500 AD, the ancient Hindu astronomer Bhaskaracharya states,

"Objects fall on the earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to this force."

Approximately 1200 years later (1687 AD), Sir Isaac Newton rediscovered this phenomenon and called it the Law of Gravity.

Pythagoras theorem or Baudhayana Theorem?

Pythagorean Theorem or Baudhayana Theorem?
Did you know that the so-called Pythagoras Theorem that the square of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle equals to the sum of the square of the other two sides was documented by the famed Hindu mathematician Baudhayana in his 6th century BC treatise called Baudhayana Sulba Sutra?

Baudhayana states:

"The area produced by the diagonal of a rectangle is equal to the sum of area produced by it on two sides.

Largest measurement of Time

The ancient Hindus had given the world the idea of the smallest and largest measuring units of Time. Astonishingly, the ancient Hindus used the following units of time:

Unit Equivalent Equivalent
Krati ------34,000th of a second
1 Truti---------- 300th of a second
2 Truti-----1 Luv
2 Luv ----1 Kshana
30 Kshana -----1 Vipal
60 Vipal--- 1 Pal
60 Pal ----Ghadi 24 minutes
2.5 Gadhi----- 1 Hora---- 1 Hour
24 Hora----- 1 Divas---- 1 Day
7 Divas---- 1 Saptaah----- 1 Week
4 Saptaah -----1 Maas -----1 Month
2 Maas----------- 1 Rutu (season)
6 Rutu =1 Varsh 1 Year
100 Varsh--- 1 Shataabda 1 Century
10 Shataabda ---1 Sahasraabda 10 Centuries or 1000 Years
432 Sahasraabda ----1 Yuga 4320 Centuries or 432000 Years
10 Yuga---- 1 Mahayuga ----43200 Centuries or 4320000 Years
1000 Mahayuga ----1 Kalpa ---------43200000 Centuries or 4.32 Billion Years

India gave the largest measurement of time as 8.64 billion years.

The Gregorian calendar on your desk simply adds on one day for every 4 years and is not in coherence with the movement of sun. But, Hindu calendar is in coherence as the short fall is corrected in the month itself by adding Adhikamasa as postulated by Maharshi Vishwamitra. Rig Veda 1.164.1, 2, 14 and 15 describe sun's motion, ritus and colours of spectrum. Kalyana varma, Varahamihira, Jaimini, Vidyanatha Deekshita, Kalidasa, Mantreshwara, Satyacharya, Venkatadri, Parashara, Ramadayalu and Garga have immensely contributed for the development of Hindu astrology.
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